Sensitive Teeth Causes and Treatment

 In oral health

If you have to ask whether or not you have sensitive teeth, then your teeth are definitely not sensitive. When someone suffers from sensitive teeth, pain or discomfort is experienced when brushing, drinking and eating. First and foremost, it is best to visit your dentist so that they can identify the exact problem and give you a solution. Here are some of the possible causes and treatment:

Causes of Sensitive Teeth

Teeth become sensitive when the enamel wears away and the dentine becomes vulnerable, or when a tooth root is exposed due to the lack of cementum. The dentine contains many nerves, and therefore you will experience a sharp pain when fluid comes into contact with the dentine.

But what may cause the enamel or cementum to wear away? There are many reasons – some of which are obvious and others that may be too much of a good thing. Diet plays a big role in the health of our teeth. Sugary and acidic food and drink wear away at the enamel of the teeth. Sometimes, brushing teeth too aggressively or the over-use of teeth whitening products can also affect the protective layer of the teeth.

When the pain is more severe it is an indication of the amount of dentin exposed – the more exposure to this tissue, the more pain one will experience. A cause for this kind of exposure could be one of the following: a cavity, a cracked or chipped tooth, a worn filling, or gum disease.

Treatment for Sensitive Teeth

Sensitive Teeth Treatment

As it is in most cases, the treatment will depend on the circumstance. Some of the treatment options include:

Desensitizing Toothpaste

The only function this has is desensitizing the teeth – as its name indicates. It will start to work after a few applications and it is as simple as replacing the toothpaste that you use. This is an over-the-counter solution. On the contrary, there are toothpastes on the market that are designed to strengthen tooth enamel, preventing sensitive teeth.


This is an in-office option where your dentist will apply fluoride to the sensitive areas, reducing pain and increasing protection. There is also prescription fluoride that can be used from home.

Surgical Gum Graft

This is an option when you have lost gum tissue from the root. This treatment covers the roots again with gum tissue from elsewhere in the mouth. This clearly provides protection to exposed roots and reduces sensitivity.

Root Canal

This is one of the last resorts for the dentist. When the sensitivity and pain is severe, a root canal might be your only option. Although this may seem like a last resort, this treatment is known to be the most successful – addressing the cause of the problem head on.

There are many other treatment options for sensitive teeth. Look at your dental hygiene habits to ensure that you may not be causing the sensitivity yourself, and if the pain continues it is advisable to see your dentist as soon as possible. The dentist will know what the best treatment plan is for you personally.

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